JUDAESAPTAN, legendary kingdom in Austria. The legend, first printed in Hagen's chronicle (15th century), relates how the Jew Abraham of Theomanaria arrived in Austria 860 years after the flood and founded the kingdom of Judaesaptan with its capital, Stockerau; there he reigned for 33 years, while his sons ruled as tetrarchs in Korneuburg, Tulln, and Vienna. The 16th-century historian, Wolfgang Lazius, attempted to establish the truth of the legend (which was considered historic fact even in 1738) by interpreting Hebrew inscriptions on tombstones. Another version speaks of two men, Saunas and Juda Saptai, who established the kingdom in 1700 B.C.E. Yet another version credits them with the founding of Vienna.   One chronicle enumerates 72 Jewish princes, ruling in Austria until 200 B.C.E. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Gold, Geschichte der Juden in Wien (1966), 1; H. Tietze, Die Juden Wiens (1933), 13–14; E. Scherer, Die Rechtsverhaeltnisse der Juden in den deutsch-oesterreichischen Laendern (1901), 112.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • AUSTRIA — AUSTRIA, country in Central Europe. Middle Ages Jews lived in Austria from the tenth century. However the history of the Jews in Austria from the late Middle Ages was virtually that of the Jews in vienna and its environs. In the modern period,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KORNEUBURG — KORNEUBURG, town in Lower Austria. According to 15th century legends, Korneuburg was the capital of judaesaptan in pre Christian times. Though the earliest documentary evidence for the presence of Jews dates from the beginning of the 14th century …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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